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Virginie Sampeur

Virginie Sampeur

There are many examples where Cléante Valcin’s photo depicts by error Virginie Sampeur of whom no verifiable portrait is not known. This photo-composition of Virginia Samper © 2021 Jn. Ulrick Desert.

Daughter of Géroline Jérôme and Surprised Sampeur, Marie Angélique Virginie Sampeur was born in Port-au-Prince on the 28th March, 1839. She studied under the direction of Monsieur Trichet, a French schoolteacher living in Haiti. Polyglot and cultured, this teacher of At the age of 17, he wrote his first verses. At the age of 23, In 1862, she married the famous poet Oswald Durand with whom, according to Alice Garoute, “she thought she was achieving Love in poetry and poetry in poetry love.” However, the many infidelities de Durand will get the better of such a romantic ideal. She divorced him after nine years of marriage and married secondly, Louis Tacitus Lamothe. Of this union born in Port-au-Prince, in 1882, Ludovic Lamothe, Haitian composer and pianist trained by the Paris Conservatory, nicknamed the Black Chopin by the people of his time. His grandfather, Joseph Lamothe, was musician; It’s actually his mother who gives him his First piano lessons.

Virginie Sampeur Lamothe is a primary school teacher who is the director of the Port-au-Prince, the National Boarding School of the Young Ladies for eight years, from 1901 to 1909, while publishing his poems in various magazines of the time and in the Pièces Choisis by M. Barutel, a “French litterateur” (Émile Marcelin), a book devoted exclusively to women. Yet, not long before, between his two marriages, she is said to have burned many of his manuscripts before settling in France in 1876. We still have Thus there are very few traces of his work and few Testimonials. Georges Sylvain, a younger compares her to the Greek poet Sappho and to the the poet queen Anacaona.

His best-known poem, “The Forsaken,” was read traditionally as the vehement expression of Love scorned, subverted somewhat the romantic aesthetic, to make invective as an opportunity for real assertiveness. She is also the author of Angèle Dufour, an unpublished “semi-autobiographical” novel (Louis Morpeau) and “fantasies” published here and there, including “Estelle’s Dream”, “Francine” and “Widowed Virgin” (Léila Lhérisson) and “Fleur révélatrice” (Émile Marcelin).

Having marked the beginnings of Haitian literature, Virginie Sampeur can be considered as the first poet and the first Haitian woman of letters. It is It is remarkable that women’s voices are part of the Haitian poetry through a text calling for power and talent, a form of emancipation and dignity.

Virginie Sampeur died in Port-au-Prince on June 8, 1919.

– Stéphane Martelly and Dieulermesson Petit Frère

Virginie Sampeur – Island to Island (

Virginie Sampeur, the first Haitian poet (

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